Label: RCA Victor - LPM-1757 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album • Country: Canada • Genre: Classical •
He composed over waltzespolkasquadrillesand other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as "The Waltz King", and was largely responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna during the 19th century.
Strauss had two younger brothers, Josef and Eduard Strausswho Die Fledermaus - The Melachrino Orchestra - Strauss Waltzes composers of light music as well, although they were never as well known as their elder brother.
Among his operettas, Die Fledermaus and Der Zigeunerbaron are the best known. His family called him "Schani", derived from the Italian " Gianni ", a diminutive of "Giovanni", the Italian equivalent of "Johann" John. His paternal great-grandfather was a Hungarian Jew — a fact which the Nazis, who lionised Strauss's music as "so German", later tried to conceal.
Strauss studied counterpoint and harmony with theorist Professor Joachim Hoffmann,  who owned a private music school. His talents were also recognized by composer Joseph Drechsler, who taught him exercises in harmony. It was during that time that he composed his only sacred work, Untamed World - Rude Awakening - The Awakening graduale Tu qui regis totum orbem Armed with these, he approached the Viennese authorities to apply for a license to perform.
Johann Strauss I's influence over the local entertainment establishments meant that many of them were wary of offering the younger Strauss a contract for fear of angering the father. Strauss made his debut at Dommayer's in Octoberwhere he performed some of his first works, such as the waltzes " Sinngedichte ", Op.
Despite the initial fanfare, Strauss found his early years as a composer difficult, but he soon won over audiences after accepting commissions to perform away from home. The first major appointment for the young composer was his award of the honorary position of "Kapellmeister of the 2nd Vienna Citizen's Regiment", which had been left vacant following Joseph Lanner 's death two years before.
Vienna was wracked by the revolutions of in the Austrian Empire and the intense rivalry between father and son became much more apparent. Johann Jr. It was a decision that was professionally disadvantageous, as the Austrian royalty twice denied him the much coveted ' KK Hofballmusikdirektor' position, which was first designated especially for Johann I in recognition of his musical contributions.
Further, the younger Strauss was also arrested by the Viennese authorities for Die Fledermaus - The Melachrino Orchestra - Strauss Waltzes playing " La Marseillaise ", but was later acquitted. When the elder Strauss died from scarlet fever in Vienna inthe younger Strauss merged both their orchestras and engaged in further tours. Strauss Jr. He applied for the KK Hofballmusikdirektor Music Director of the Royal Court Balls position, which he finally attained in after being denied several times before for his frequent brushes with the local authorities.
Indue to constant mental and physical demands, Strauss suffered a nervous breakdown. Johann's younger brother Josef was persuaded by his family to abandon his career as an engineer and take command of Johann's orchestra in the interim. He would return to perform in Russia every year until Inthe year-old Die Fledermaus - The Melachrino Orchestra - Strauss Waltzes Strauss officially joined the Strauss orchestra as another conductor, and he and his brother Josef would lead it until Later, in the s, Strauss and his orchestra toured the United States, where he took part in the Boston Festival at the invitation of bandmaster Patrick Gilmore and was the lead conductor in a "Monster Concert" of over performers see World's Peace Jubilee and International Musical Festival performing his "Blue Danube" waltz, amongst other pieces, to great acclaim.
Strauss married the singer Henrietta Treffz inand they remained together until her death in Dittrich was not a fervent supporter of his music, and their differences in status and opinion, and especially her indiscretion, led him to seek a divorce. Strauss was not granted a decree of nullity by the Roman Catholic Church, and therefore changed religion Die Fledermaus - The Melachrino Orchestra - Strauss Waltzes nationality, and became a citizen of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in January She encouraged his creative talent to flow once more in his later years, resulting in many famous compositions, such as the operettas Der Zigeunerbaron and Waldmeisterand the waltzes " Kaiser-Walzer " Op.
The German operetta composer Jacques Offenbachwho made his name in Paris, also posed a challenge to Strauss in the operetta field. Strauss was admired by other prominent composers: Richard Wagner once admitted that he liked the waltz " Wein, Weib und Gesang The Scream - James Chance - Chance Of A Lifetime (Live In Chicago 2003) (DVD) Op.
Johannes Brahms was a personal friend of Strauss; the latter dedicated his waltz " Seid umschlungen, Millionen! It was usual for the composer to inscribe a few measures of his best-known music, and then sign his name. There are many dance pieces drawn from themes of his operettas, such as "Cagliostro-Walzer" Op.
Strauss was diagnosed with pleuropneumoniaand on 3 June he died in Vienna, at the age of He was buried in the Zentralfriedhof. As a result of the efforts by Clemens Krauss who performed a special all-Strauss programme in with the Vienna PhilharmonicStrauss's music is now regularly performed at the annual Vienna New Year's Concert. Distinguished Strauss interpreters include Willi BoskovskyPictures And Designs - The Seeds - Evil Hoodoo who carried on the Vorgeiger tradition of conducting with violin in hand, as was the Strauss family custom, as well as Herbert von KarajanCarlos KleiberLorin MaazelZubin Mehta and Riccardo Muti.
In addition, the Wiener Johann Strauss Orchesterwhich was formed in Christina Milian - Its About Time, pays tribute to the touring orchestras which once made the Strauss family so famous. Eduard Strauss had surprisingly wound up the Strauss Orchestra on 13 February after concerts in cities around the globe, and had pawned the instruments.
The orchestra's last violins were destroyed in the firestorm of the Second World War. Most of the Strauss works that are performed today may once have existed in a slightly different form, as Eduard Strauss destroyed much of the original Strauss orchestral archives in a furnace factory in Vienna's Mariahilf district in The measure was intended to prevent the Strauss family's works from being claimed by another composer.
This may Die Fledermaus - The Melachrino Orchestra - Strauss Waltzes have been fueled by Strauss's rivalry with another of Vienna's popular waltz and march composers, Karl Michael Ziehrer.
His residence in the Praterstrasse where he lived in the s is now part of the Vienna Museum. Alfred Hitchcock made a low-budget biographical film of Strauss in called Waltzes from Vienna.
Another animated short " Johann Mouse " from the series Tom and Jerry features a mouse mesmerised by the playing of several Strauss waltzes by Johann Strauss himself, and later, by Tom. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Strauss Waltzes. Austrian composer.
For other uses, see Johann Strauss disambiguation. St Ulrich, Austrian Empire. ViennaAustria-Hungary. Henrietta Treffz m. Angelika Dittrich m. Adele Deutsch m. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Archived from the original on Retrieved Grove Music Online. Retrieved September 28, Archived from the original on August 2, Johann Strauss.
Father and Son. Their Illustrated Lives. Prague: Vitalis. Classical Archives. Retrieved April 13, Retrieved April 14, Retrieved October 3, Seid umschlungen, Millionen!
Diletto Musicale, Doblinger. Operetta: A theatrical history. Johann Strauss and Vienna. Cambridge University Press. Johann Strauss II. SinngedichteOp. PetersburgOp. HerzenslustOp. Persischer MarschOp. Debut-QuadrilleOp. Biography portal Classical music portal Opera portal. Categories : births deaths Johann Strauss II Austrian Romantic composers Viennese composers Austrian male classical composers Light music composers Austrian opera composers Male opera composers Ballet composers 19th-century classical composers 19th-century Austrian people Austrian Protestants Converts to Protestantism from Roman Dawn - Enea - Nightwalk Austrian people of German descent Austrian Andante - Mozart*, Karl Böhm, Orchestre Philharmonique De Berlin* - Symphonies No.
Requiem Ext. Mix - Various - Art & Club Edition 2, First Impression - Erupt - First Impression, Sweet Harmony - Various - Total 7, I Feel Loved (Danny Tenaglias Labor Of Love Dub Edit) - Depeche Mode - I Feel Loved (Danny Tenaglia, А Вы-то Кто? - Various - Первая Ночь С Олегом Меньшиковым